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Introduction: Malaria, an infectious illness carried by the bite of infected mosquitoes, is a significant public health concern, especially in Africa. The management of mosquito-human contact is crucial to mitigate its transmission. Artificial intelligence, including machine learning and deep learning techniques, is being utilized to enhance the diagnosis and identification of mosquito species. This advancement aims to facilitate the development of more efficient control measures.
Aims and Objective: To analyze the efficiency of three deep learning models in identifying blood-borne diseases by evaluating the macro and micro picture of blood samples.
Method: In this retrospective investigation, three deep learning algorithms, namely Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN), MobileNetV2, and ResNet50, were used to identify mosquito-borne illnesses, focusing on malaria. The research used a dataset of 120 blood samples gathered over one year from the hospital's pathology department. The CNN model streamlines preprocessing with multilayer perceptrons, simplifying malaria component extraction. MobileNetV2, a lightweight network, outperforms others with fewer parameters. Its compact blocks in Dense-MobileNet models minimize constraints and computation expenses. ResNet50 resolves degradation issues with a residual structure, preventing overfitting as hidden layers increase.
Results: The study evaluated three deep learning models (CNN, MobileNetV2, and ResNet50) for medical classification. The study also demonstrated improved True Positive Rates as False Positive Rates increased, indicating better accurate identification while controlling false positives. ResNet50 consistently outperformed the other models, showcasing its superior performance. The study revealed high precision scores for all models, classifying "Uninfected" and "Infected" cases. ResNet50 exhibited slightly higher precision, indicating its precision-based superiority. Overall, all models demonstrated vital accuracy, and ResNet50 showed exceptional performance. The study found that ResNet50 performs better in True Positive and False Positive Rates.
Conclusion: The study has concluded that ResNet50 has shown the best performance in detecting blood-borne diseases.