Main Article Content
Image restoration and noise reduction methods have been created to restore deteriorated images and improve their quality. These methods have garnered substantial significance in recent times, mainly due to the growing utilization of digital imaging across diverse domains, including but not limited to medical imaging, surveillance, satellite imaging, and numerous others.
In this paper, we conduct a comparative analysis of three distinct approaches to image restoration: the spatial method, the frequency domain method, and the deep learning method. The study was conducted on a dataset of 10,000 images, and the performance of each method was evaluated using the accuracy and loss metrics. The results show that the deep learning method outperformed the other two methods, achieving a validation accuracy of 72.68% after 10 epochs. The spatial method had the lowest accuracy of the three, achieving a validation accuracy of 69.98% after 10 epochs. The FFT frequency domain method had a validation accuracy of 52.87% after 10 epochs, significantly lower than the other two methods. The study demonstrates that deep learning is a promising approach for image classification tasks and outperforms traditional methods such as spatial and frequency domain techniques.