Improved Direction of Arrival Estimation using Multiple Signal Classification (MUSIC) Algorithm with Decomposition and Normalization

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Sheetal G. Jagtap
Ashwini S. Kunte


It is important to determine the direction of arrival (DoA) of targets in various applications such as radar and sonar. Multiple Signal Classification (MUSIC), Estimation of Signal Parameters with Rotational In variance Technique (ESPRIT), and Weighted Subspace Fitting (WSF) are subspace-based methods that can be used to improve DoA estimation. MUSIC is effective for high-resolution, uncorrelated signals, but may struggle in cases where there are two nearby targets with a low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). The goal of this research is to improve the performance of the MUSIC algorithm for DoA estimation with low SNR signals. The proposed solution involves decomposing and normalizing the signal during transmission. Simulations were conducted to test the modified procedure with MUSIC algorithm for DoA estimation, and it was found that received signal power improved though there is noisy environment as well as system can detect more number of targets. The proposed technique of decomposition and normalization could also be applied in other areas such as WiFi communication, autonomous vehicles and biomedical signal and image processing etc.

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How to Cite
Jagtap, S. G. ., & Kunte, A. S. . (2023). Improved Direction of Arrival Estimation using Multiple Signal Classification (MUSIC) Algorithm with Decomposition and Normalization. International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication, 11(7s), 263–268.


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