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Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) and Internet of Things (IoT) continued to be pro-active study due to their far reaching applications and also a crucial technology for ubiquitous living. In WSN, energy awareness becomes a significant design problem. Clustering can be defined as a renowned energy-efficient method and renders a lot of benefits like energy competence, less delay, scalability, and lifetime; but it resulted in hot spot problems. To sort out this problem a method called unequal clustering is designed. In unequal clustering, the cluster size differs with the Base Station (BS) distance. In this study, a new Chaotic Salp Swarm Algorithm Based Unequal Clustering Approach (CSSA-UCA) methodology to resolve hot spot issues in IoT-assisted WSN is proposed. The major objective of the CSSA-UCA methodology lies in the effectual identification of CHs and unequal cluster sizes. To accomplish this, the CSSA-UCA technique initially derives the CSSA by the incorporation of chaotic notions into the conventional SSA. At the same time, a fitness function incorporating multiple input parameters was considered for unequal cluster construction. A wide range of experimental result analyses is performed to exhibit the supremacy of the CSSA-UCA technique. The experimental results stated that the CSSA-UCA technique proficiently balances energy accretion and improves the network lifetime.