Multi Factor Authentication and IP Address Restriction based Question Paper Delivery System for Indian Universities

Main Article Content

Chaitali Shewale, Sandeep Kadam, Priya Shelke, Rupesh Patil, Suruchi Dedgaonkar, Abhijit Banubakode


The traditional question paper delivery (QPD) procedure in Indian institutions is discussed in this paper with a focus on its downsides, including complexity, time requirements, security issues, environmental impact, and cost. This method is manual, which makes it prone to mistakes, rigid, and open to leaks and tampering, especially when it comes to the security of the exam questions. It also looks at security issues involving question paper leaks, highlighting ongoing difficulties in preserving the integrity and confidentiality of the Indian educational system. These occurrences highlight the requirement for a more reliable and secure QPD system. 

In this paper workflow of the cloud-based software system is described in detail, with examples showing how it makes it easier to distribute safe exam papers and assures stakeholder accountability. Barcodes are integrated into the system, and their improved tracking, processing, and distribution of exam papers is highlighted. A cutting-edge cloud-based Question Paper Delivery System (OQPDS), which automates and streamlines the process of generating, distributing, and giving exams for Indian colleges, is the suggested cure. Modern security elements are used by the system, including two-step authentication, barcode-based data storage, data encryption during data transfer, IP address-based access restrictions, and time-based content delivery. The incorporation of these security elements enhances the overall security and efficiency of the QPD system. The proposed system's workflow is discussed in detail along with examples that demonstrate how it facilitates the distribution of secure exam papers and ensures stakeholder responsibility. The system incorporates barcodes, and its better distribution, processing, and tracking of exam papers is praised. The system's capacity to limit access based on IP addresses is described, along with how it might help with traceability and prevent unwanted access.  Additionally, the paper proposes watermarking to label test papers with the IP address of the testing facility, offering benefits including improved security, tamper detection, and traceability. It is highlighted that encryption is a key security tool for preserving data integrity, maintaining secrecy, and protecting against online dangers. Finally, the cloud-based Question Paper Delivery System is a solution to the security issues and inefficiencies of the current QPD system. This system intends to transform the examination procedure in Indian institutions by offering a more safe, effective, and transparent approach to question paper administration. It does this through contemporary security provisions and cutting-edge technology. This paper also discusses comparative analysis between traditional and proposed automated Question paper delivery system with respect to efficiency, security, cost reduction and flexibility.

Article Details

How to Cite
Chaitali Shewale, et al. (2023). Multi Factor Authentication and IP Address Restriction based Question Paper Delivery System for Indian Universities . International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication, 11(10), 390–396.
Author Biography

Chaitali Shewale, Sandeep Kadam, Priya Shelke, Rupesh Patil, Suruchi Dedgaonkar, Abhijit Banubakode

Chaitali Shewale#1, Sandeep Kadam#2, Priya Shelke#3, Rupesh Patil#4, Suruchi Dedgaonkar#5, Abhijit Banubakode#6

1,3,5Department of Information Technology

1,3,5Vishwakarma Institute of Information Technology, Pune, India

2Department of Computer Engineering,Keystone School of Engineering,Pune, India

4Principal, Navsahyadri College, Pune, India

6Principal, MET Institute of Computer Scienc, Mumai, India



Indira Gandhi National Open University, New Delhi, ” Manual for student Registration and Evaluation”, 2023.

Committee Report Government of Maharashtra, ”Reforms in Examinations System in Universities of Maharashtra through use of Technology”, 2012

Express News Service, "Saurashtra University paper leak: College delisted as exam centre", Daily Indian Express, Rajkot, December 26, 2021

Daily Times of India, “ Bangalore University's B.Com question paper leaked; exam put”, October 13, 2020

Hindustan Times, New Delhi, Amandeep Shukla, "Board exams 2019: CBSE plans steps to check paper leaks, cheating", Feb 14, 2019

Dibyendu Mondal,Sunday Guardian article "Students hit with over 70 paper leak cases in 7 years", ,March 19, 2023

K. T. Zaman, W. U. Hasan, M. Hillas, A. A. M. Shaan and K. A. Rahad, "IOT Based Question Paper Delivery Box: A Solution towards Preventing Question Paper Leakage in Public Exams of Bangladesh," 2019 IEEE International Conference on Smart Instrumentation, Measurement and Application (ICSIMA), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 2019, pp. 1-5, doi: 10.1109/ICSIMA47653.2019.9057307.

A. G. Bhosale, V. S. Patil and P. S. Bidkar, "An Authentication System For Online Question Paper Delivery using Visual Cryptography," 2022 First International Conference on Electrical, Electronics, Information and Communication Technologies (ICEEICT), Trichy, India, 2022, pp. 1-5, doi: 10.1109/ICEEICT53079.2022.9768442.

N. Tabassum, M. S. Ahsan, I. Chowdhury and U. Basu, "IoT based Automated Examination Management System with Biometric Portal," 2022 International Conference on Innovations in Science, Engineering and Technology (ICISET), Chittagong, Bangladesh, 2022, pp. 52-55, doi: 10.1109/ICISET54810.2022.9775923.

D. Wang, W. Li and P. Wang, "Measuring Two-Factor Authentication Schemes for Real-Time Data Access in Industrial Wireless Sensor Networks," in IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, vol. 14, no. 9, pp. 4081-4092, Sept. 2018, doi: 10.1109/TII.2018.2834351.

B. S. Archana, A. Chandrashekar, A. G. Bangi, B. M. Sanjana and S. Akram, "Survey on usable and secure two-factor authentication," 2017 2nd IEEE International Conference on Recent Trends in Electronics, Information & Communication Technology (RTEICT), Bangalore, India, 2017, pp. 842-846, doi: 10.1109/RTEICT.2017.8256716.

A. Agrawal, K. Sethi and P. Bera, "Inviolable e-Question paper via QR code Watermarking and Visual Cryptography," 2021 IEEE International Conference on Advanced Networks and Telecommunications Systems (ANTS), Hyderabad, India, 2021, pp. 266-271, doi: 10.1109/ANTS52808.2021.9936948.

T. Sriram, K. Vishwanatha Rao, S. Biswas and B. Ahmed, "Applications of barcode technology in automated storage and retrieval systems," Proceedings of the 1996 IEEE IECON. 22nd International Conference on Industrial Electronics, Control, and Instrumentation, Taipei, Taiwan, 1996, pp. 641-646 vol.1, doi: 10.1109/IECON.1996.571035.

I. M. A. D. S. Atmaja, I. N. G. A. Astawa, N. W. Wisswani, I. M. R. A. Nugroho, P. W. Sunu and I. K. Wiratama, "Document Encryption Through Asymmetric RSA Cryptography," 2020 International Conference on Applied Science and Technology (iCAST), Padang, Indonesia, 2020, pp. 46-49, doi: 10.1109/iCAST51016.2020.9557723.

A. Ashok and S. S, "Encrypted Dedup-Upload, Download and Update Securely With Proof of Ownership," 2023 4th International Conference for Emerging Technology (INCET), Belgaum, India, 2023, pp. 1-6, doi: 10.1109/INCET57972.2023.10170161.

B. Mishra and D. Jena, "Securing Files in the Cloud," 2016 IEEE International Conference on Cloud Computing in Emerging Markets (CCEM), Bangalore, India, 2016, pp. 40-45, doi: 10.1109/CCEM.2016.016.

B. O. ALSaleem and A. I. Alshoshan, "Multi-Factor Authentication to Systems Login," 2021 National Computing Colleges Conference (NCCC), Taif, Saudi Arabia, 2021, pp. 1-4, doi: 10.1109/NCCC49330.2021.9428806