Multicasting Model for Efficient Data Transmission in VANET

Main Article Content

Kamlesh Kumar
Bobby Sharma


VANETs (Vehicle Ad hoc Networks) are networks made up of a number of vehicular nodes that are free to enter and leave the network. The Location Aided Routing (LAR) protocol is the one that is most frequently utilized among them. Here, the route request packets are flooded across many pathways to the source node using the broadcasting strategy. The vehicles that have a direct path to the destination send the route reply packets back to the source. The least number of hops and the sequence number are used to determine the route from source to destination. This research study has used the multicasting approach to construct a path from the source node to the destination node. Within this multicasting strategy, the root nodes from the network are selected for data routing. The path between the source and the destination is chosen using a root node. The suggested approach is put into practice using the NS2, and some parametric values are computed to produce analytical findings.

Article Details

How to Cite
Kumar, K. ., & Sharma, B. . (2023). Multicasting Model for Efficient Data Transmission in VANET. International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication, 11(7s), 408–414.


A. Ullah, X. Yao, S. Shaheen and H. Ning, "Advances in Position Based Routing Towards ITS Enabled FoG-Oriented VANET–A Survey," in IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 828-840, Feb. 2020

C. Boucetta, O. Baala, K. A. Ali and A. Caminada, "Performance of topology-based data routing with regard to radio connectivity in VANET," 2019 15th International Wireless Communications & Mobile Computing Conference (IWCMC), 2019, pp. 609-614

H. H. Saleh and S. T. Hasson, "A Survey of Routing Algorithms in Vehicular Networks," 2019 International Conference on Advanced Science and Engineering (ICOASE), 2019, pp. 159-164

K. Kandali, L. Bennis and H. Bennis, "A New Hybrid Routing Protocol Using a Modified K-Means Clustering Algorithm and Continuous Hopfield Network for VANET," in IEEE Access, vol. 9, pp. 47169-47183, 2021

P. S. Hamedani and A. Rezazadeh, "A New Two-Level Cluster-Based Routing Protocol for Vehicular Ad Hoc NETwork (VANET)," 2018 UKSim-AMSS 20th International Conference on Computer Modelling and Simulation (UKSim), 2018, pp. 121-126

I. Lengliz and A. Slama, "Enhancing AODV and DSR with the RLT strategy for efficient routing in VANETs," 2016 International Symposium on Networks, Computers and Communications (ISNCC), 2016, pp. 1-6

E. Khoza, C. Tu and P. A. Owolawi, "An Ant Colony Hybrid Routing Protocol for VANET," 2018 International Conference on Intelligent and Innovative Computing Applications (ICONIC), 2018, pp. 1-6

A. Srivastava, N. Bagga and M. Rakhra, "Analysis of Cluster-Based and Position-based Routing Protocol in VANET," 2021 9th International Conference on Reliability, Infocom Technologies and Optimization (Trends and Future Directions) (ICRITO), 2021, pp. 1-5

A. Gopalakrishnan, P. Manju Bala and T. Ananth Kumar, "An Advanced Bio-Inspired Shortest Path Routing Algorithm for SDN Controller over VANET," 2020 International Conference on System, Computation, Automation and Networking (ICSCAN), 2020, pp. 1-5

Mr. B. Naga Rajesh. (2019). Effective Morphological Transformation and Sub-pixel Classification of Clustered Images. International Journal of New Practices in Management and Engineering, 8(01), 08 - 14.

M. S. Azhdari, A. Barati and H. Barati, “A cluster-based routing method with authentication capability in Vehicular Ad hoc Networks (VANETs)”, Journal of Parallel and Distributed Computing, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 451-458, 20 June 2022

Rastogi, A. K. ., Taterh , S. ., & Kumar, B. S. . (2023). Dimensionality Reduction Approach for High Dimensional Data using HGA based Bio Inspired Algorithm. International Journal of Intelligent Systems and Applications in Engineering, 11(2s), 227 –. Retrieved from

Z. Cao, M. Diyan and K. Han, "A Routing Protocol Based on Multi-factor Decision in VANET," 2020 IEEE International Conference on Consumer Electronics - Asia (ICCE-Asia), 2020, pp. 1-4

S. Zhou, D. Li and X. Chen, “Multiple intersection selection routing protocol based on road section connectivity probability for urban VANETs”, Computer Communications, vol. 6, pp. 4321-4339, 12 August 2021

R. Han, J. Shi, Q. Guan, F. Banoori and W. Shen, "Speed and Position Aware Dynamic Routing for Emergency Message Dissemination in VANETs," in IEEE Access, vol. 10, pp. 1376-1385, 2022

Kamau, J., Ben-David, Y., Santos, M., Joo-young, L., & Tanaka, A. Predictive Analytics for Customer Churn in the Telecom Industry. Kuwait Journal of Machine Learning, 1(3). Retrieved from

Y. Xia, X. Qin, B. Liu and P. Zhang, "A greedy traffic light and queue aware routing protocol for urban VANETs," in China Communications, vol. 15, no. 7, pp. 77-87, July 2018

M. Sindhwani, R. Singh and C. Singh, “Improvisation of optimization technique and AODV routing protocol in VANET”, Materials Today: Proceedings, vol. 10, pp. 5518-5532, 23 April 2021

G. D. Singh, M. Prateek, S. Kumar, M. Verma, D. Singh and H. -N. Lee, "Hybrid Genetic Firefly Algorithm-Based Routing Protocol for VANETs," in IEEE Access, vol. 10, pp. 9142-9151, 2022