Main Article Content
Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are made up of small battery-powered sensors that can sense and monitor a variety of environmental conditions. These devices are self-contained and fault tolerant. The majority of WSNs are built to perform data collection tasks. These data are gathered and then sent to the sink node. Small packets are sent towards the sink node in such cases, and as a result, the areas near the sink node become congested, becoming the bottleneck of the entire network. In this paper, a survey of existing techniques or methods for detecting and eliminating congestions is conducted. Finally, a comparison in the form of a table based on various matrices is presented.