Main Article Content
The wireless sensor network is set of distributed nodes, which are randomly deployed in sensor field to capture various parameters and send it to receiver station for further analysis and prediction. There are two types of protocols essential for communication. One is MAC protocol and another is routing protocol. Routing protocols are used for finding shortest path between sources to destination. MAC protocols are used for reliable data delivery from source to destination. The design of a reliable wireless sensor network (WSN) must handle the failure of single or many network components, still, because of the deployment of mechanisms to tolerate faults at various levels. the most objective of this paper is to review different existing algorithms proposed by different researchers and merge their work for further study. This paper studies different prototypes and proposed algorithms, and also the objectives of the papers. Also, the paper elaborates on the proposed algorithm within the particular paper together with their objectives. Proposed algorithm is very useful for to reduce heavy congestion over the networks and achieve various parameters of sensor networks.