Evaluation of Machine Learning Models for Breast Cancer Diagnosis Via Histogram of Oriented Gradients Method and Histopathology Images

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Rania R. Kadhim
Mohammed Y. Kamil

Abstract

Breast cancer is the main death rate from malignant growth worldwide and the most frequently diagnosed type of cancer in females. Machine learning systems have been developed to assist in the accurate detection of cancer. There are numerous methods for cancer detection. But histopathological images are thought to be more precise. In this study, we used the HOG features extractor to extract statistical features from histopathology images of invasive ductal carcinoma. We chose the following images at random from the histopathology images: 100, 200, 400, 1000, and 2000. These statistical features were then used to train several algorithms, including the decision tree, quadratic discriminant analysis, extra randomized trees, gradient boosting, gaussian process classifier, naive bayes, nearest centroid, multilayer perceptron, and support vector machine, to identify whether or not the images depict cancerous or noncancerous growth. The algorithms' performance was evaluated depending on the specificity, accuracy, sensitivity, precision, F1_score, and AUC. The algorithms used worked best when the number of images was set to 100. As the number of images went up, their effectiveness went down.

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How to Cite
Kadhim, R. R., and M. Y. Kamil. “Evaluation of Machine Learning Models for Breast Cancer Diagnosis Via Histogram of Oriented Gradients Method and Histopathology Images”. International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication, vol. 10, no. 4, Apr. 2022, pp. 36-42, doi:10.17762/ijritcc.v10i4.5532.
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