Main Article Content
In this paper, we have optimize specificities with the use of massive MIMO in 5 G systems. Massive MIMO uses a large number, low cost and low power antennas at the base stations. These antennas provide benefit such as improved spectrum performance, which allows the base station to serve more users, reduced latency due to reduced fading power consumption and much more. By employing the lens antenna array, beam space MIMO can utilize beam selection to reduce the number of required RF chains in mm Wave massive MIMO systems without obvious performance loss. However, to achieve the capacity-approaching performance, beam selection requires the accurate information of beam space channel of large size, which is challenging, especially when the number of RF chains is limited. To solve this problem, in this paper we propose a reliable support detection (SD)-based channel estimation scheme. In this work we first design an adaptive selecting network for mm-wave massive MIMO systems with lens antenna array, and based on this network, we further formulate the beam space channel estimation problem as a sparse signal recovery problem. Then, by fully utilizing the structural characteristics of the mm-wave beam space channel, we propose a support detection (SD)-based channel estimation scheme with reliable performance and low pilot overhead. Finally, the performance and complexity analyses are provided to prove that the proposed SD-based channel estimation scheme can estimate the support of sparse beam space channel with comparable or higher accuracy than conventional schemes. Simulation results verify that the proposed SD-based channel estimation scheme outperforms conventional schemes and enjoys satisfying accuracy even in the low SNR region as the structural characteristics of beam space channel can be exploited.