Advanced IoT Technology and Protocols: Review and Future Perspectives

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Mohsen S. Alsaadi, Naif D. Alotaibi, Wasim A. Ali


The Internet of Things (IoT) has emerged as a disruptive paradigm, altering how we interact with our surroundings and enabling a plethora of novel applications across multiple sectors. This literature review provides a complete overview of the Internet of Things, including applications, technology, protocols, modeling tools, and future directions. The assessment begins by looking at a wide range of IoT applications, such as smart cities, healthcare, industrial automation, smart homes, and more. It then looks into the underlying technologies that enable IoT deployments, including low-power wireless communication protocols, edge computing, and sensor networks. Protocols and routing methods designed expressly for IoT networks are also described, as well as simulation tools used to simulate and evaluate IoT systems. The discussion focuses on critical insights and consequences for the future of IoT, including challenges and potential in security, interoperability, edge intelligence, and sustainability. By tackling these obstacles and using emerging technologies, IoT can create disruptive change across businesses while also improving quality of life. This review seeks to give scholars, practitioners, and stakeholders a thorough grasp of IoT and its implications for the future.

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How to Cite
Naif D. Alotaibi, Wasim A. Ali, M. S. A. (2024). Advanced IoT Technology and Protocols: Review and Future Perspectives. International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication, 12(2), 50–61. Retrieved from