Exploring Quantum Computing's Potential Breakthroughs and Challenges

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Mukesh Madanan, Yogita D. Bhise, V. P. Murugan, Shwetambari Pandurang Waghmare, Ganpati Martand Kharmate, Meenakshi Sharma


Recent years have seen the rise of quantum computing as a game-changing technology that might alter the face of many industries, from optimization to cryptography. From theory to practice, this article covers quantum computing's journey. We review the quantum computing foundational concepts of superposition and entanglement and examine their consequences for the paradigm of computation. We emphasize the concrete advances in quantum hardware, error correction methods, and quantum algorithm creation through a thorough survey of recent discoveries. Nevertheless, significant obstacles accompany these advancements. An ever-present problem, quantum de coherence endangers both the consistency of quantum states and the accuracy of calculations. The effectiveness of quantum error correcting approaches in reducing de coherence is examined in our paper. We highlight the need for programming languages, compilers, and simulators that are customized to quantum hardware, as well as the increasing demands for quantum software infrastructure. Questions of security and ethics arise in light of the many possible uses of quantum computing in fields as diverse as optimization, cryptography, and materials research. Error correction and the execution of algorithms containing both classical and quantum logic require the classical part. We provide a comprehensive system stack outlining the various components of a quantum computer. We wrap up by talking about design decisions on the quantum plane and show the control logic and data flow that must be applied when quantum instructions are executed.

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How to Cite
Mukesh Madanan, et al. (2023). Exploring Quantum Computing’s Potential Breakthroughs and Challenges. International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication, 11(11), 674–679. https://doi.org/10.17762/ijritcc.v11i11.10070