Main Article Content
Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is operated as a medium to connect the physical and information network of Internet-of-Things (IoT). Energy and trust are two key factors that assist reliable communication over the WSN-IoT. Secure data transmission is considered a challenging task during multipath routing over the WSN-IoT. To address the aforementioned issue, secure routing is developed over the WSN-IoT. In this paper, the Trust-based Crow Search Algorithm (TCSA) is developed to identify the Secure Cluster Heads (SCHs) and secure paths over the network. Further, data security while broadcasting the data packets is enhanced by developing the Hybrid Security Algorithm (HSA). This HSA is a combination of the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) and Hill Cipher Algorithm (HCA). Therefore, the developed TCSA-HSA avoids malicious nodes during communication which helps to improve data delivery and energy consumption. The performance of the TCSA-HSA method is analyzed using Packet Delivery Ratio (PDR), Packet Loss Ratio (PLR), energy consumption, End to End Delay (EED), and throughput. The existing methods namely Optimal Privacy-Multihop Dynamic Clustering Routing Protocol (OP-MDCRP) and Secure and Energy-aware Heuristic-based Routing (SEHR) are used to evaluate the TCSA-HSA performances. The PDR of TCSA-HSA for 100 nodes is 99.7449%, which is high when compared to the OP-MDCRP and SEHR.
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