Implementation of Transmission Line Fault Detection System using Long Range Wireless Sensor Networks

Main Article Content

P. Dinesh Anton Raja
K. Naresh Kumar Thapa
Kotti Sai Sri Harsha
Javvadi Harish Mohana Swami Naidu
Kollipara Sai Krishna
A. Sivakumar


This paper proposes a fault detection system designed for transmission lines using Long-Range Wireless Sensor Network (LoRAWSN). The system is designed to detect and locate faults across transmission lines in real-time, which can significantly improve the reliability and efficiency of power transmission systems. A WSN will be built across transmission lines over an area. The faults identified by these sensor nodes is then transmitted to a central control unit, which analyses and displays the data. The LoRaWAN technology enables the WSN to cover long distances while consuming minimal power, making it ideal for monitoring transmission lines. The proposed fault detection system is evaluated through real world experiments, which demonstrate the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed system. Overall, this paper presents a novel and practical approach for fault detection on transmission lines, which has the potential to improve the reliability and efficiency of power transmission systems.

Article Details

How to Cite
Raja, P. D. A. ., Thapa, K. N. K. ., Harsha, K. S. S. ., Naidu, J. H. M. S. ., Krishna, K. S. ., & Sivakumar, A. (2023). Implementation of Transmission Line Fault Detection System using Long Range Wireless Sensor Networks. International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication, 11(5), 77–84.


M. Kocakulak and I. Butun, "An overview of Wireless Sensor Networks towards internet of things," 2017 IEEE 7th Annual Computing and Communication Workshop and Conference (CCWC), Las Vegas, NV, USA, 2017, pp. 1-6

Jindal, Vandana. "History and architecture of Wireless sensor networks for ubiquitous computing." International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Engineering & Technology (IJARCET) 7.2 (2018): 214-217.

Maraiya, Kiran, Kamal Kant, and Nitin Gupta. "Application based study on wireless sensor network." International Journal of Computer Applications 21.8 (2011): 9-15.

Kocakulak, Mustafa, and Ismail Butun. "An overview of Wireless Sensor Networks towards internet of things." In 2017 IEEE 7th annual computing and communication workshop and conference (CCWC), pp. 1-6. Ieee, 2017.

Ramesh, Siddharth. "A protocol architecture for wireless sensor networks." Proceedings of the 1st ACM international workshop on wireless sensor networks and applications (WSNA). 2008.

Cisco. "Cisco Annual Internet Report-Cisco Annual Internet Report (2018–2023) White Paper." (2020).

Mekki, Kais, et al. "A comparative study of LPWAN technologies for large-scale IoT deployment." ICT express 5.1 (2019): 1-7.

Beyene, Yihenew Dagne, et al. "NB-IoT technology overview and experience from cloud-RAN implementation." IEEE wireless communications 24.3 (2017): 26-32

Raza, Usman, Parag Kulkarni, and Mahesh Sooriyabandara. "Low power wide area networks: An overview." ieee communications surveys & tutorials 19.2 (2017): 855-873.

Lavric, Alexandru, Adrian I. Petrariu, and Valentin Popa. "Long range sigfox communication protocol scalability analysis under large-scale, high-density conditions." IEEE Access 7 (2019): 35816-35825.

Almuhaya, Mukarram AM, et al. "A survey on Lorawan technology: Recent trends, opportunities, simulation tools and future directions." Electronics 11.1 (2022): 164.

Siddique, Ayesha, et al. "A review on intelligent agriculture service platform with lora based wireless sensor network." Life 100 (2019): 7000.

Suganthi, S. U., et al. "Coal mine safety system for mining workers using LORA and WUSN." Materials Today: Proceedings 46 (2021): 3803-3808.

Kumari, Preti, et al. "An energy efficient smart metering system using edge computing in LoRa network." IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Computing 7.4 (2021): 786-798.

Jabbar, Waheb A., et al. "Design and fabrication of smart home with internet of things enabled automation system." IEEE access 7 (2019): 144059-144074.

Doshi, D. A., et al. "Real time fault failure detection in power distribution line using power line communication." International Journal of Engineering Science 4834 (2016).

Raja, Dinesh Anton P., C. Arunachalaperumal, and Balaji A. Ganesh. "Hybrid cooperative network coding communication wireless protocol interfaces for real-time monitoring of environmental parameters using cozir sensor." Sensor Letters 17, no. 2 (2019): 160-176.

Raja, P. Dinesh Anton, C. Arunachalaperumal, and M. Divya. "Smart building evacuation system with hybrid network based CNC-C architecture." Journal of Ambient Intelligence and Smart Environments 14, no. 4 (2022): 335-347.